Manufactured from 1941 to 1945 during World War II, these small
four-wheel utility vehicles are considered an iconic workhorse
hero. A multi-purpose vehicle, Jeeps were used to carry officers
between camps, served as mobile communications stations, machine
gun and mortar platforms, hauling supplies and countless other
roles. At the peak of production, assembly lines were turning
out one Jeep every 90 seconds. The Ford Jeep's initial cost to
produce during the war was approximately $780.00 and about
280,000 were produced by Ford Motor Co. alone.
History of the name "Jeep"
The origin of of the word Jeep is difficult to verify. One
account of the origin began when the prototypes were being proven
at military bases. Jeep was the term used by Army mechanics for
any untried or untested vehicle. Some claim it was coined by
slurring the initials G. P. (Ford). And others have claimed it
was named by soldiers after the 1940s popularity of Popeye's
cartoon pet called Eugene The Jeep who could solve seemingly
impossible problems with its multi purpose capabilities.
The Jeep would go on to see combat duty in the Korean War as well
as the Vietnam War in all degrees of conduct. In the post-war
decades, the line continued in large-scale use with the US Army
and continually improved until 1981, at which time it was formally
replaced in part by other light vehicles and ultimately, the High
Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle ("HUMVEE").
Engine / Horsepower
54 hp 4 cylinder gasoline-fueled 4,000 rpm three speed manual transmission system
Maximum Speed - 65 mph
Maximum Range 301 Miles
Crew - 1 to 4
Ford Motor Co. - USA
Initial Year of Service